By Marc Silverman
This ebook sheds new gentle at the lifestyles and paintings of Janusz Korczak, the 20 th century humanist ethical educator and path-breaking social-pedagogue who's in general unknown within the English conversing international. within the orphanages he led in Warsaw, Poland Korczak constructed an cutting edge array of academic practices that stimulated young ones from damaged households struggling with severe social-interpersonal pathologies to re-form themselves through the 5 to seven years they lived within the orphanage. by means of providing its readers a scientific presentation of Korczak's worldview, academic philosophy and paintings, and exposing them to a wealthy number of his writings, this ebook seeks to notify the English conversing proficient public approximately an educator who unceasingly strived to make the area a greater position for individuals and to make larger humans for the area.
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Extra info for A Pedagogy of Humanist Moral Education: The Educational Thought of Janusz Korczak
This indeed is the underlying explanation for Korczak’s resolve to stay with the Jewish orphans, no matter what fate awaited them in the Warsaw Ghetto. Thus we arrive at a paradoxical conclusion: Korczak’s humanism, not his Jewish identity, underlies and inspires his identification with his Jewish origins and his solidarity with fellow Jews. This conclusion, in turn, leads us to approach the issue from the opposite direction: to what extent, if any, did his Jewishness impact the nature and substance of his humanism?
Korczak wore a Polish army uniform under his work clothes and never wore the Jewish star. In conclusion, Korczak identified fully with Polish language and culture and occasionally found it necessary to display his Polishness, without indicating his Jewish origins. In this Korczak was typical of the third generation of assimilated Polish Jews, who were uncomfortably aware that they were not regarded as “pure” Poles. Conversely, their solidarity with other Jews aroused doubts among the Poles as to their loyalty to Poland.
Nevertheless, Korczak, like his father, did express active identification with the Jewish people, identification that grew stronger over the years. He often showed pride in his Jewish origins and generally refused to conceal them. In the children’s magazine that he founded, he 36 M. SILVERMAN wrote in support of Jewish children who refused to attend their Polish schools on the Sabbath and advised those who did not observe the Jewish tradition to conceal this from their teachers, because decent people did not respect those who did not respect their own religion (Kurtzweil 1968: 119).