By M. Rafiqul Islam, S.H. Mousavizadegan, S. Mustafiz, Jamal H. Abou?Kassem(auth.)
Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulation
upload precision and straightforwardness to the method of reservoir simulation. till simulation software program and different tools of reservoir characterization have been built, engineers needed to drill a variety of wells to discover tips on how to extract crude oil and typical gasoline. at the present time, inspite of hugely refined reservoir simulations software program to be had, reservoir simulation nonetheless contains loads of guesswork. Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulation offers a complicated method of petroleum reservoir simulation, taking the guesswork out of the method and depending extra completely on technology and what's recognized in regards to the person reservoir.
This cutting-edge booklet in petroleum simulation:
Describes answer suggestions that let a number of options to the whole equations, with no linearization.
Solves the main tricky reservoir engineering difficulties corresponding to viscous fingering.
Highlights the significance of non-linear solvers on choice tree with medical argument.
Discusses resolution schemes with regards to different disciplines and revolutionizes danger research and determination making.
comprises better half software program with 3D, 3-phase multipurpose simulator code on hand for obtain from www.scrivenerpublishing.com.
by means of delivering a priceless instrument to help reservoir simulation predictions with genuine technology, this publication is an important reference for engineers, scientists and geologists.
Chapter 1 Reservoir Simulation history (pages 1–30):
Chapter 2 Reservoir Simulator?input/output (pages 31–81):
Chapter three Reservoir Simulators: difficulties, Shortcomings, and a few resolution suggestions (pages 83–114):
Chapter four Mathematical formula of Reservoir Simulation difficulties (pages 115–153):
Chapter five The Compositional Simulator utilizing the Engineering process (pages 155–244):
Chapter 6 A complete fabric stability Equation for Oil restoration (pages 245–276):
Chapter 7 Modeling Viscous Fingering in the course of Miscible Displacement in a Reservoir (pages 277–337):
Chapter eight in the direction of Modeling wisdom and Sustainable Petroleum creation (pages 339–419):
Chapter nine ultimate Conclusions (pages 421–422):
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Additional info for Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulations
4 ADVANCED PETROLEUM RESERVOIR SIMULATION Recent Advances in Reservoir Simulation The recent advances in reservoir simulation may be viewed as: • Speed and accuracy; • New fluid flow equations; • Coupled fluid flow and geo-mechanical stress model; and • Fluid flow modeling under thermal stress. 1 Speed and Accuracy The need for new equations in oil reservoirs arises mainly for fractured reservoirs as they constitute the largest departure from Darcy's flow behavior. Advances have been made in many fronts.
From the early work of Roger Butler, numerous experimental studies have been reported. Some of the latest ones are reported by the research group of Gu at Petroleum Technology Research Centre (PTRC) in Canada. g. Yang and Gu, 2005; Tharanivasan et al, 2004), proper characterization of such complex phenomena continues to be a formidable challenge. 1 ADVANCED PETROLEUM RESERVOIR SIMULATION Numerical Challenges Theory of Onset and Propagation of Fractures Due to Thermal Stress Fundamental work needs to be performed in order to develop relevant equations for thermal stresses.
In many cases, the matching techniques are usually ad-hoc and involve manual adjustment of model parameters, instead of systematic parameter updating. The Fig. 1 may also be considered as schematic diagrams to illustrate the input and output data at different levels of reservoir modeling. The first sets of data are generated through the geological and geophysical studies. The geological and geophysical model based on the core analysis and well logging with application of seismic survey model is a preliminary identification of a hydrocarbon reservoir.